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- 5563 8984 7591 1405
- 5551 4033 4747 0385
- 5537 3237 3742 6814
- 5473 0731 3303 5406
- 4327 8888 8520 3543
- 4556 5368 1231 3966
- 4532 5910 1202 7089
- 4929 0445 3793 9421
- 4556 8890 0922 5133
- 3444 0599 4292 791
- 3406 9347 7102 033
- 3774 7986 0233 353
- 3792 0817 1605 530
- 3483 1324 1195 013
- 6447 4525 8847 8389
- 6478 4085 2844 9957
- 6468 7227 4899 3954
- 6475 0549 3593 2186
- 6011 8238 5328 8024
What is a credit card?
Credit card is a plastic card that fits easily in your wallet and allows you to make cash free purchases. There is a unique number embossed on each credit card and a limit of credit assigned. The user can buy services and goods with their card and pay interest on the money spent each month instead of paying the complete amount used. The unpaid amount of every month is carried forward to the next month and the interest is calculated accordingly. Most cards have an interest rate of typically 10% to 30%; it is advisable to check the interest rate before getting a credit card.
Most cards privilege their customers with rewards and offer points on purchase from specific retail or online stores. There is also a yearly fees associated with certain credit cards, while there are free credit cards also available. The credit card issuer companies earn through interest paid by the user, yearly fees and late fees. They also charge retailers on each sale via credit card.
Anatomy of a credit card?
Front of a Credit Card
Back of a Credit Card
- Logo of the Issuing Bank
- EMV chip
- Credit Card Number
- Credit Card Network Logo
- Date of Expiry
- Name of Card Holder
- NFC Chip (Contactless)
- Magnetic Strip
- Card Holder's Signature
- "Card Not Present" Security Code
What are Credit Card Security Codes?
Below is the information about various Cards and the location of the security code:
Credit cards use various types of security codes like CVC2, CVV2, CID, and CSC. MasterCard uses CVC2 and Visa uses CVV2, Discover and Amex uses CID (card identification number) and Debit Cards use CSC (card security code).
Credit Card Fraud
There are different types of credit card frauds that can leave the user in trouble. We hope the below information is useful to you:
- Stolen Cards - As the name suggests, the card holder is robbed of the card physically or card is poached from the mail before it reaches the card holder. User can immediately get the card cancelled by intimating the issuer company.
- Duplicated Cards - Merchants put the credit card in a secondary machine for copying it. These machines are easily available as they are multi-purpose.
- Application Fraud - This is similar to identification theft where a person files in the information of another person into the form using stolen or fake documents.
- Account Takeover - the fraudulent person requests a change of address by using genuine card holders personal information and then at a later date reports that the credit card was stolen. The new card will be mailed to the new address and will be used by the thief.
- Skimming - Payment receipts or account number or the security code of the credit card is copied to be used at a later time.
- Carding - In this process the card is not used but its number is used to verify its validity.. Using devices like generators (hopefully not mine) the thief enters the card information on any site that uses real-time processing of transactions. If the purchase is successful it means the card is still good, and is sold off to other individuals who will perform the fraud. Typical price range for these cards is upwards of $50 dollars per card.
Credit cards, debit cards along with gift cards and store cards all have a PAN (primary account number) and are created using the ISO/IEC 7812 standard. The number used is made up of four parts.
- Major Industry Identifier (MII) - this is the first digit of the PAN; Industries listed are Airlines, Travel, Banking, Petro, Helthcare, and Merchandising.
- Issuer Identifier Number (IINS) - the first six digits of a card number including the MII.
- The account number starts from the seventh digit to the second last digit, and can contain a maximum of 12 digits. The company issuing the card creates this number.
- The final digit is a check digit which can be figured out using Luhn's algorithm. If you want to learn more about the validation of credit cards check out Credit Card Validation.