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- 5158 6917 4308 7236
- 5104 1679 3685 3440
- 5250 0791 8304 7166
- 5563 2331 1347 1085
- 4485 0694 7317 9928
- 4485 5775 3729 3543
- 4024 0071 8898 7043
- 4532 9311 5788 6644
- 4929 4314 3551 7922
- 3496 1482 6362 103
- 3732 2204 9407 249
- 3408 4210 7341 343
- 3473 5134 7806 662
- 3465 2547 0551 457
- 6465 3769 0547 2147
- 6011 1921 1901 2317
- 6471 5065 6442 8616
- 6448 4968 5440 1228
- 6461 9381 2080 3341
What is a credit card?
Credit card is a plastic card that fits easily in your wallet and allows you to make cash free purchases. There is a unique number embossed on each credit card and a limit of credit assigned. The user can buy services and goods with their card and pay interest on the money spent each month instead of paying the complete amount used. The unpaid amount of every month is carried forward to the next month and the interest is calculated accordingly. Most cards have an interest rate of typically 10% to 30%; it is advisable to check the interest rate before getting a credit card.
Most cards privilege their customers with rewards and offer points on purchase from specific retail or online stores. There is also a yearly fees associated with certain credit cards, while there are free credit cards also available. The credit card issuer companies earn through interest paid by the user, yearly fees and late fees. They also charge retailers on each sale via credit card.
Anatomy of a credit card?
Front of a Credit Card
Back of a Credit Card
- Logo of the Issuing Bank
- EMV chip
- Credit Card Number
- Credit Card Network Logo
- Date of Expiry
- Name of Card Holder
- NFC Chip (Contactless)
- Magnetic Strip
- Card Holder's Signature
- "Card Not Present" Security Code
What are Credit Card Security Codes?
Below is the information about various Cards and the location of the security code:
Credit cards use various types of security codes like CVC2, CVV2, CID, and CSC. MasterCard uses CVC2 and Visa uses CVV2, Discover and Amex uses CID (card identification number) and Debit Cards use CSC (card security code).
Credit Card Fraud
There are different types of credit card frauds that can leave the user in trouble. We hope the below information is useful to you:
- Stolen Cards - As the name suggests, the card holder is robbed of the card physically or card is poached from the mail before it reaches the card holder. User can immediately get the card cancelled by intimating the issuer company.
- Duplicated Cards - Merchants put the credit card in a secondary machine for copying it. These machines are easily available as they are multi-purpose.
- Application Fraud - This is similar to identification theft where a person files in the information of another person into the form using stolen or fake documents.
- Account Takeover - the fraudulent person requests a change of address by using genuine card holders personal information and then at a later date reports that the credit card was stolen. The new card will be mailed to the new address and will be used by the thief.
- Skimming - Payment receipts or account number or the security code of the credit card is copied to be used at a later time.
- Carding - In this process the card is not used but its number is used to verify its validity.. Using devices like generators (hopefully not mine) the thief enters the card information on any site that uses real-time processing of transactions. If the purchase is successful it means the card is still good, and is sold off to other individuals who will perform the fraud. Typical price range for these cards is upwards of $50 dollars per card.
Credit cards, debit cards along with gift cards and store cards all have a PAN (primary account number) and are created using the ISO/IEC 7812 standard. The number used is made up of four parts.
- Major Industry Identifier (MII) - this is the first digit of the PAN; Industries listed are Airlines, Travel, Banking, Petro, Helthcare, and Merchandising.
- Issuer Identifier Number (IINS) - the first six digits of a card number including the MII.
- The account number starts from the seventh digit to the second last digit, and can contain a maximum of 12 digits. The company issuing the card creates this number.
- The final digit is a check digit which can be figured out using Luhn's algorithm. If you want to learn more about the validation of credit cards check out Credit Card Validation.